Difference between Osteoblast and Osteoclast

Difference between Osteoblast and Osteoclast, provides the clear information regarding both bone formation and bone resorption. Osteoblasts are main type of bone cells and also called  as lining cells). They regulate passage of calcium in and out of the bone, and they express special type of proteins on their membrane by responding to various hormones. These specialized proteins activate another type of cells called osteoclasts. While, other type of cells, Osteocytes also present in the bone. They also come from osteoblasts. Hence, Osteoblasts represented as major bone cells. In this article the major difference between osteoblast and osteoclast has been described.

 

Difference between Osteoblast and Osteoclast (Osteoblast vs Osteoclast)

 

S. No Characteristics Osteoblast Osteoclast
1 Cell shape Osteoblasts are cuboidal in shape. Osteoclast cells are flat-shaped.
2 Cell size Cells are very smaller in size (20-30 micrometers in diameter) Cells are larger in size (150–200 µm in diameter)
3 Function Bone formation and Maintains bone tissue integrity and shape. Actively involved in bone resorption
4 Nucleus number Only one nucleus (uninucleate) Many number of nucleus (multinucleated)
5 Cellular organelles Contains lesser number of mitochondria, vacuoles and lysosome. Contains a greater number of mitochondria, vacuoles and lysosome.
6 Sealing zones Does not contain sealing zones and ruffled borders Contains sealing zones and ruffled borders
7 Osteoid production Produces osteoid protein Cannot produce osteoid protein
8 Hormone production Produces a hormone Prostaglandins. Cannot produce any type of hormones.
9 Parathyroid hormone receptor Express parathyroid (PTH) hormone receptors. Do not express parathyroid (PTH) hormone receptors.
10 Enzyme/acid production produces more amount of alkaline phosphatase enzyme produces more amount of phosphatase enzyme and tartrate resistant acid.
11 Differentiation Differentiated from pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells Differentiated from hematopoietic cells of granulocyte macrophage lineage.
12 Engulfing nature Do not engulf bone fragments Engulfs bone fragments
13 Phagocytic nature Equipped with phagocytic-like mechanism Equipped with phagocyticlike mechanism.
14 Cytokines Produces pro-inflammatory cytokines Uses cytokines for conversion of macrophages to osteoclasts
15 Collagen production Produces the collagen protein Dissolves the collagen protein

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